Therefore, a ten-pound dog would need to ingest more than 80 ounces of white chocolate to experience mild to moderate toxicity, but only about 0.2 to 0.3 ounces (about 6 to 9 grams) of baking chocolate. The amount of toxic theobromine varies with the type of chocolate. Approximately one pound of milk chocolate is poisonous to a 20-pound dog; one-half pound for a 10-pound dog. 5 Common Foods In Your Pantry That Are Not Safe For Your Pets. From this you can see that the toxic dose is dependant on the weight of the dog, and that unsweetened cooking chocolate is particularly dangerous. “Chocolate.”. Toxic Chemicals and Household Items That Can Poison Dogs, What It Means If Your Dog Is Throwing Up Clear Liquid. Dry cocoa powder is the most toxic, causing toxic effects at as little as 0.14 ounces (4 … In rare cases, dogs can die from eating chocolate. If it does not say on the label whether it is white, milk or dark chocolate, in most cases you can assume that it is milk chocolate. Studies show that really dark, unsweetened chocolate is the most dangerous type of dogs … If you've got a big dog then they would need to get into a big stash of milk chocolate to be in trouble. Chocolate is toxic to dogs. As a responsible dog owner, it's important to understand what amount of chocolate is dangerous and proper treatment if your dog eats too much chocolate. Check Now: Blue Buffalo • Science Diet • Purina • Wellness • 4health • Canine Carry Outs • Friskies • Taste of the Wild • See 200+ more brands…. ). But where milk chocolate contains 65 milligrams of caffeine and theobromine per ounce, semisweet chocolate contains 165 milligrams and baking chocolate has 300 to 400. is Chocolate really that toxic to your dog, and do you need to worry? The compound in chocolate that’s more toxic to dogs is theobromine. Chocolate itself is toxic because it contains caffeine and theobromine, two chemicals known as methylxanthines. For example, baker’s chocolate contains about 8 to 10 times more theobromine than milk chocolate. Dogs metabolize, or break down, theobromine much slower than humans. Dogs metabolize, or break down, theobromine much slower than humans. In general, mild symptoms of chocolate toxicity occur when a dog … From our study, we found that the average chocolate bar found in the market contains 2/3 ounces of milk chocolate. Symptoms will worsen up until about 100mg/kg BW, which is considered a lethal dose. White chocolate is almost nontoxic. Different types of chocolate contain different amounts of theobromine with dark chocolate containing around six times the amount in milk chocolate and cocoa powder containing even more still. “Those rotten ——-! This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Even if it was 8 ounces of pure milk chocolate, not counting the cherries and syrup, we’re not even close to a toxic ingestion. Dr. Smith is part of The Spruce Pets' veterinary review board. It is always better for your dog if treated early. Use this Chocolate Toxicity Calculator to work out how much chocolate it would take to cause … Both compounds are in the same chemical class, and they both affect the central nervous system - but theobromines are far more toxic to dogs than caffeine. Depending on your dog’s weight, even small amounts of chocolate can be very bad for your dog. Depending on your dog’s weight, even small amounts of chocolate can be very bad for your dog. What do I do?”. Weakness, particularly behind the hind legs, is one of the most common symptoms. There is also caffeine in chocolate, which can have deleterious […] Although there is no exact amount of fat known to lead to pancreatitis, any dog ingesting a sudden large amount of fat is at risk. Dog owners usually know that chocolate is poisonous to dogs, but not all understand how much chocolate is toxic and how. Apr 19, 2019 - Question: How Much Chocolate Is Toxic To Dogs? We’ll call her Cookie. The reason for this is not fully understood by vets, but it’s known that it leads to vomiting, weakness, hyperthermia, and loss of bodily functions. Take an 8 kg miniature poodle for example. If your dog ate chocolate, contact your veterinarian, an emergency veterinarian, or the Pet Poison Helpline at 855-764-7661 (a fee applies). Let’s suppose her smaller dog ate the entire box — worst-case scenario: And, again, this would be the worst-case scenario — which assumes little piglet dog didn’t share a single bite with big piglet dog. This is equivalent to a large or king-sized candy bar. How Much Chocolate is Toxic to Dogs? Many nuts are not good for dogs; however, macadamia nuts rank among the most toxic. Less than an ounce of dark chocolate may be enough to poison a 44-pound dog. Baking chocolate and gourmet dark chocolate are highly concentrated and contain 130-450 mg of theobromine per ounce, while common milk chocolate only contains about 44-58 mg/ounce. Zoumas, B.L., Kreiser, W.R, and Martin, R.A. “Theobromine and caffeine content of chocolate products.”. They got under the tree, unwrapped the chocolate-covered cherries and ate 16 of them. You just need to know your dog's weight along with the type and amount of chocolate eaten. Dog owners usually know that chocolate is poisonous to dogs, but not all understand how much chocolate is toxic and how. Although us humans love the odd bit of chocolate; either to make us feel a bit better or just for a little indulgence, your dog could be seriously ill if they were to ingest it. Approximately one pound of milk chocolate is poisonous to a 20-pound dog; one-half pound for a 10-pound dog. Obviously, chocolate is bad for dogs since it stimulates the nervous system. How Much Chocolate is Fatal for Dogs? The average chocolate bar contains 2 to 3 ounces of milk chocolate. Symptoms of Chocolate Poisoning in Dogs. + Click to see the sources for this article. Why Is Chocolate TOXIC For Dogs? For severe signs it can soar to 18 mg per pound. When using the chocolate toxicity calculator, it is very important to know the type of chocolate that your dog ate as some are much more toxic than others. Both dogs managed to eat about 3.5 ounces of chocolate. It causes problems with the nervous system, bowels, kidneys and heart. I ask her to tell me what her dogs weigh, and what is the total number of ounces in the chocolate-covered cherries box. Even if an animal doesn’t ingest a toxic dose, Dr. Miller says chocolate can cause diarrhea, vomiting and pancreatitis, so any ingestion should be evaluated by a veterinarian. If your dog ate chocolate, contact your veterinarian, an emergency veterinarian, or the Pet Poison Helpline at 855-764-7661 (a fee applies). Here’s what you need to know. Dark chocolate is a different story though. As a result, 2-3 candy bar is enough to poison your dog if it weighs 10 pounds. You guys are pros now. This should be used as a general guideline and not in place of your veterinarian's advice. Obviously, chocolate is bad for dogs since it stimulates the nervous system. However, just 2 ounces of Baker's chocolate can make a 20-pound dog very sick! Also, the darker the chocolate, the more toxic it is. If you have questions or concerns, call your vet, who is best equipped to ensure the health and well-being of your pet. With any poisoning or toxicity question, know your pet’s approximate weight and the best guess as to how much of the toxin your pet may have eaten. Unaware of its toxicity, some pet parents consider chocolate as a delicious dog treat. Jenna Stregowski, RVT, has more than 20 years of experience working in veterinary medicine and has been writing about pet care for the last decade. Chocolate and Dogs: How Much Does It Take to Kill a Dog? Chocolate poisoning is a problem that occurs mainly in dogs but also occurs occasionally in cats or other animals. The toxic amount will be lower for high-quality products like Lindt, Haighs or Ghirardelli. “If you suspect your dog may have eaten even a small amount of macadamia nuts, According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, Baker's Chocolate of approximately 1.3 g/kg (0.02 oz/lb) of a dog's body weight is sufficient to cause symptoms of toxicity. Neither of these products is solid chocolate, so the amount of chocolate ingested is much less and therefore less toxic. White chocolate barely poses any threat. While half pound is enough for a 10 pound dog. Toxic doses of theobromine begin at nine milligrams (mg) per pound of the dog’s weight for mild signs. The amount of toxic theobromine varies with the type of chocolate. If you ever have to make a call to a pet poison hotline, it’s almost a waste of money if you don’t have a general idea of the amount of the offending substance: The darker the chocolate, the more toxic: In case you’re wondering how we came up with the information above, there’s a formula. Even a little bit of chocolate can make your dog ill. So even if your dog ate a significant amount of white chocolate, he would probably not show any signs of toxicity because the amount of theobromine in white chocolate is negligible. Risks are higher for chocolate with high cocoa levels and when body weight is lower. These symptoms become severe at 40 to 50mg per kg. This chocolate toxicity calculator can help you quickly determine whether or not your dog has eaten enough chocolate to suffer toxic effects. How much Chocolate is too toxic? Also, the darker the chocolate, the more toxic it is. In general, though, the darker and more bitter the chocolate the greater the danger. A chocolate powder that is used in the chocolates contains the toxic. The darker and more bitter the chocolate, the more dangerous it is to dogs. The darker and more bitter the chocolate, the more dangerous it is to dogs. The average chocolate bar contains 2 to 3 ounces of milk chocolate. The component in chocolate that is toxic to dogs is called theobromine. The darker the chocolate, the more toxic: Baker’s chocolate is scary. Dark chocolate is worse. Low priced and poor quality chocolates contain less cocoa powder. When the amount of theobromine in a dog’s system is higher than 20mg/kg BW symptoms of chocolate poisoning will develop. The darker and more bitter the chocolate, the more dangerous it is to dogs. Why? Theobromine is toxic to dogs and other pets at certain doses. It all depends on the type and size of the dog, the type and amount of chocolate. The female dog, Rosie, really liked the white chocolate pieces and ate those exclusively. But the same cannot be said about dark chocolate. The Effect of Chocolate Type on Toxicity: The Two Beagles and the Sampler Box The Case While their owner was at work, two beagles got into a sampler box containing different types of chocolate pieces. Approximately one pound of milk chocolate is poisonous to a 20-pound dog; one-half pound for a 10-pound dog. It is important not to give your pets any chocolate and to ensure they cannot accidentally access any of your chocolate supplies, especially over Easter! The darker and more bitter the chocolate, the more dangerous it is to dogs. White chocolate contains minimal amounts of the toxic compounds, milk chocolate has moderate levels and dark or bittersweet chocolate has the most. White chocolate has an insignificant amount of theobromine, but ingestion can still cause issues like pancreatitis. Size matters. Cocoa comes from a pod that grows on a cocoa tree, normally found along the equator belt. No two dogs are the same, so the amounts listed here are all approximations. Dry cocoa powder and baking chocolate are more dangerous to cats due to the high level of theobromine present in them. Risks are higher for chocolate with high cocoa levels and when body weight is lower. How much chocolate is toxic to dogs? Should I induce vomiting after my dog ingests a toxin? White chocolate barely poses any … is Chocolate really that toxic to your dog, and do you need to worry? Chocolate poisoning is a problem that occurs mainly in dogs but also occurs occasionally in cats or other animals. (Theobromine has an LD50 defined as 100mg-200mg/kg BW, this is the amount that has been shown to be lethal in 50% of cases). The darker the chocolate, the more toxic it is for dogs. While there is no right or wrong answer to this, we know dogs show symptoms of poisoning when they eat 20mg of theobromine (the toxic chemical in chocolate) for every kilogram they weigh. 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