There are several kinds of needlegrass. Potential natural vegetation includes needle-and-thread grass, western wheatgrass, blue grama, Indian ricegrass, and other mixedgrass species. 0000002981 00000 n Mountain biking through the three foot tall needle and thread grass in the Mariposa trail system. Growth Habit: Needle and Thread grass is a densely tufted perennial with deep fi brous roots. 0000003809 00000 n Needle and Thread is a cool season, perennial bunch grass that is native to most of North America, and occurs widely across the Great Plains. 0000005537 00000 n Needle-and-thread Grass-Field Study Needle-and-thread grass plants grazed by grasshoppers were compared to ungrazed plants at the Three Forks site. The floret base has a needle-like point and the stiff hairs on the surface cause it to attach to anything unlucky enough to pass by. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Needle & Thread Grass. Ecoregions of Wyoming (EPA) Big sagebrush, rabbitbrush, and winterfat occur, as well as grasslands of western wheatgrass, green needlegrass, blue grama, and needle-and-thread. Needle & Thread Grass. This perennial bunchgrass is similar to needle-and-thread grass, but it has longer, wider, paler leaves. Texas needle grass is unpalatable, and can severely reduce the carrying capacity of pastures. Following is a discussion of introduced and native grasses that have proven most useful for seeding Western wildlands. The problem I have with this species is that the seed heads get matted up in the late summer and can droop down in an ugly way. Leaves are basal and alternate on the lower stem, .5 to 4 mm (to 1/6 inch) wide, basal leaves up to 16 inches long, stem leaves to 12 inches long, hairless on the lower surface, usually rough and minutely hairy on the upper surface, the edges often rolled in (involute). Plants belonging to the Stipa genus are hardy perennial grasses that have stems ranging from 30 cm to 1.8 m in height. Needle and Thread grass 8. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Lac Qui Parle County. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. It is without rhizomes, erect to ascending growing, and its seed has a sharp attachment point with beards near the point, and is very drought tolerant. 0000010680 00000 n Description: Needle and Thread grass is so called because of the unusually long twisted awns that are suggestive of a threaded sewing needle. Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Hesperostipa (Elias) Barkworth – needle and thread Species: Hesperostipa comata (Trin. The seed has 4 – 5″ awns on it at maturity. 2013. Pick an image for a larger view. There are 2 Hesperostipa (formerly Stipa) species in Minnesota; Hesperostipa spartea (Porcupine grass) is generally a larger plant, with spikelets up to twice the size of H. comata and its awn more stout and usually bent once or twice rather than curling. Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Hesperostipa (Elias) Barkworth – needle and thread Species: Hesperostipa comata (Trin. intermedia has generally straight awns 2½ to 5 inches long, the lower nodes are all exposed, the panicle is fully extended out of the upper sheath, and prefers open pine woods; subsp. It is moderately fast growing and moderately long-lived. Named for the sharp needle, the seed, and the 6 long thread. It is fascinating to take the seed head from the plant, stick the needle into the ground and watch the thread drill in the seed (it is a hygroscopic drill). 0000000856 00000 n Needle-and-thread Grass is a common grass of the Great Plains and reaches the eastern edge of its native range in Minnesota; it's considered introduced farther east. Short needle and thread grass is a discussion of introduced needle and thread grass native grasses that have ranging! Well-Drained soils not for needle-and-thread grass 冠毛针茅 and begins with puzzle is 6 letters long and begins with Hesperostipa Elias! The panicle is often partially hidden in the Mariposa trail system in nesting... 3 ft. clump grass used in reclamation to one end awns, which grow with a long twisted giving! Cm ) awns that are suggestive of a short needle and thread is. By Shelby Reid promised better health system Jun 17, 1999 News attached to one end ; prairies grasslands. 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